Beginners Guide for Ping Command in Linux

PING, also known as “Packet Internet Groper”, is the most common networking tool used in Windows, Linux, and macOS to test the connection between the source and the destination. The destination, or remote system, could be a web server, your router, or a computer on

Beginners Guide for Hash Command in Linux

You might already be aware of the Linux shell’s default behavior of capturing each user’s executed commands and storing them in the “~/.bash_history” file, so later you can view the history list using the history command. Although, history is not the only location where your

Beginners Guide for Type Command in Linux

The type command tells you the actual type of the referenced command. With this information, you can figure out how a command will be interpreted when you execute it in the terminal. The following is the list of known command types: Aside from showing the

Beginners Guide for Sleep Command in Linux

As its name suggests, the sleep command is commonly used by shell script writers to delay the execution of individual or portions of commands specified after this command in script. Using this command, you can delay the next command’s execution for the specified number of

Beginners Guide for Wall Command in Linux

If you are a sysadmin, then wall command can be your next favorite Linux tool, thinking why? With the help of this tool, you can broadcast messages to all logged-in users on your system, either locally or via SSH. This tool comes in handy, especially

What is SystemD in Linux?

This article will teach you what systemd is and why it replaced SysVinit; what systemd unit files are; how to list all and specific unit files; and how to view the content of a unit configuration file. Why SystemD? To understand Systemd, you must first

What is ‘init’ Process and Command in Linux?

In this article, you will learn about the short description of the init process, the runlevels of init, and the init command in a Linux system. What is Init Process? In layman’s terms, when you press the power button, your system will first look for

Everything About /proc File System in Linux

Proc file system (short for “procfs”, referring to “/proc” dir) is a virtual file system (not a real file system) that is mounted on system boot to store information related to running processes. The proc file system stores useful information about the running process and

What are File Descriptors in Linux

In this article, you will learn everything about file descriptors, like their uses in Linux, what a file descriptor table is, how to view the file descriptors under a specific process, and how to change the limit of a file descriptor in Linux. What are

What is inode in Linux?

In this article, you will learn what an inode is, how to check an inode and its size in Linux, and their roles in soft/hard links and system updates. What is Inode in Linux? In your Linux filesystem, an inode (or index node) is a

What is Subshell in Linux?

When you interactively login to your system, you usually interact with your main shell from the terminal to execute commands; however, from your main shell (or parent shell), you can spawn a subshell (or child shell). Confused? I knew this would be more difficult, especially

How to Rename Files and Directories in Linux

Renaming files and directories is one of the most basic tasks that every Linux user performs regularly using the GUI or command line tools. In both of these tools, renaming a single file is pretty easy, but renaming multiple files can be trickier, especially for