Scratch is an amazing visual programming language and online community aimed at teaching coding concepts and terminology to children and beginners in a fun and interactive way.
Scratch makes it way easier for children or non-technical people with little or no programming experience to create interactive stories, animations, games, and other multimedia projects.
So, stick with this article to learn how to install Scratch on your preferred Linux distribution and create your first game in under 5 minutes.
|Root or Sudo Privileges||No|
|Host System and Architecture||Ubuntu 22.10 (x64)|
|OS Compatibility||Ubuntu, Manjaro, Fedora, etc.|
|Internet Required||Yes (for installation)|
How to Install Scratch on Linux
The scratch is quite popular and can be found in the majority of Linux distribution repositories, but there is a catch: the version available in the repository is outdated.
While experimenting and evaluating, I discovered that the Scratux Snap Package, built on the Scratch 3.10.2 release, is the most reliable and suitable option for using Scratch on Linux.
To install it using Snap, make sure you have Snap installed on your Linux system, then run:
$ sudo snap install scratux
Alternatively, you can opt for the Scratch Flatpak package, though it’s worth noting that the latest available version at the time of writing this article is 3.10.1, last updated three years ago.
$ flatpak install flathub edu.mit.Scratch
Lastly, if you prefer a safer approach and are comfortable with the older version of Scratch, you can use your system’s default package manager to install Scratch 1.4.
$ sudo apt install scratch #For Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint $ sudo dnf install scratch #For RHEL, Fedora, AlmaLinux $ sudo pacman -S scratch #For Arch, Manjaro, EndeavourOS
Once installation is finished using any of the mentioned methods, you can search for Scratch from your distribution search menu, as shown.
Basic Usage of Scratch
When you launch Scratch on your Linux system, you will interact with a window (depending on your chosen installation method) that resembles the following:
The above is a Scratux window. If you use the Flatpak or Package Manager method, the window’s appearance may vary, but the options and settings will remain in the same location.
The important options and settings are highlighted, and their roles are explained, followed by:
- This is where you’ll find all the characters and objects.
- You can access settings to customize your character or object right here.
- Select to add a background image.
- Select to add a new character or object.
- Browse through various categories offering functionalities for your character or object, including motion, sound, events, controls, and more.
- List of functionality from your chosen category.
- This is the primary window where you’ll program your character or object using the functionalities.
I managed to create the following basic 2D game within just 5 minutes, thanks to a tutorial I watched on the official Scratch YouTube channel.
If you’re eager to get your hands dirty and develop a game similar to the one shown above, I recommend watching the following YouTube video.
It will not only teach you how to create this game but also help you understand the basic and fundamental concepts of Scratch.
How to Remove Scratch from Linux
To remove Scratch from your Linux system, select one of the following commands based on your installation approach:
$ sudo snap remove scratux #For Snap $ flatpak uninstall edu.mit.Scratch #For Flatpak $ sudo apt remove scratch #For Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint $ sudo dnf remove scratch #For RHEL, Fedora, AlmaLinux $ sudo pacman -R scratch #For Arch, Manjaro, EndeavourOS
Scratch is quite amazing for children with zero programming experience, but for young people above 18, if they are unfamiliar with programming languages, I suggest they directly start with mainstream programming languages.
Now, if you have any questions or queries related to the tool or the topic, then do let me know in the comment section.
Till then, peace!